||This course covers the study of constitutional law and criminal procedures utilizing the opinions of the United States Supreme Court and the Minnesota rules of criminal procedure. Emphasis is placed on the constitutional guidelines for law enforcement, rules of arrest, search and seizure, and the Minnesota Rules of Criminal Procedure. Minnesota Police Officer Standards and Training Board learning objectives relating to criminal procedure are also covered.
- Explain the court systems of the United States and Minnesota.
- Trace a criminal case through its various stages from the initial complaint through appeal and post conviction remedies.
- Explain the nature of right to privacy in the law of criminal procedure and how it has affected court resolutions of Fourth Amendment issues.
- Differentiate between warrantless arrest authority for misdemeanors and felonies.
- Define probable cause and reasonableness and their general importance in the law of criminal procedure, especially with respect to arrest, searches and seizures.
- Describe the limitations on the use of force in making arrests, self-defense, and entry of dwellings.
- Summarize the workings of a search warrant, including the following: Who issues search warrants, grounds for issuance, what may be seized, how to describe the person or place to be searched and the things to be seized.
- Distinguish among a stop, a formal arrest, a seizure tantamount to an arrest, and minimal non-intrusive contact between a citizen and a law enforcement officer.
- Explain the scope of a consent search and how it is limited by: The person giving consent, the area to which consent to search is given, time, and the expressed object of the search.
- Outline procedures necessary to conduct an interview and under what circumstances further attempts at interrogation may be made after a suspect has exercised his/her right to remain silent, has requested the assistance of an attorney, or has waived Miranda rights and submitted to interrogation.
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